جلسهٔ یازدهم زبان تخصصی؛ 6 خرداد 89

They see and hear in the “mind’s eye and ear” that which is hidden from the sight and hearing of ordinary people. Their imagination takes the shape of an extraordinary revelation (a Western notion) or a profound insight (an Eastern notion). So powerful is this mode of imaginative thinking that the thinker’s mind soars in time and apace, moves beyond reason, visualizes and generates ideas, alters the course of events, and creates or invents another order of existence or reality beyond this life.

Creative religious individuals are possessed and haunted by fixed and besetting images that are ascribed either to an internal source known as insight, awareness, or consciousness (an Eastern notion) or to an external source known as revelation (a Western notion).

آن‌ها با چشم و گوش ذهن خود،‌ چیزی را می‌بینند و می‌شنوند که از سمع و نظر مردم عادی پنهان است. قوهٔ تخیل آن‌ها به شکل یک مکاشفه فوق‌العاده (در نگاه غربی) یا یک بصیرت عمیق (در نگاه شرقی) در می‌آید. این شیوهٔ تفکر خلاق به قدری قدرتمند است که ذهن متفکر زمان و مکان را در می‌نوردد و از مرز عقل عبور می‌کند، تصویرسازی و خلق فکر می‌کند، مسیر رویدادها را دگرگون می‌کند و نظام دیگری از وجود می‌آفریند یا حقیقت دیگری فراسوی این حیات ابداع می‌کند.

دین‌داران خلاق، تحت تأثیر و در معرض خطور پی‌درپی پندارهایی هستند که به یک منبع درونی موسوم به بصیرت، آگاهی یا خودآگاهی (در نگاه شرقی) یا به یک منبع بیرونی به نام وحی منسوب است.

Assignment from the previous session:
– How are we to interpret the increased religiousness of the participants?
– The focus of current research is thus beginning to move beyond question of physical health.
– Just a few decades ago, it made little sense to differentiate between religiousness and spirituality.
تکالیف هفتهٔ قبل:
– ما چگونه باید رشد دین‌داری شرکت‌کنندگان را تفسیر کنیم؟
– بنابراین، تمرکز بر تحقیقات جاری، نقطهٔ آغازی برای حرکت به فراسوی مسئلهٔ سلامت جسمی است.
– تا همین چند دههٔ گذشته، تفکیک بین دینداری و معنویت، مفهوم اندکی داشت.
Assignment for the next session:
– Although religiousness is positively associated with social functioning throughout adulthood, it takes on increased significance.
– In Christianity, alternative forms of life were now possible for a large group of women, forms of life which were not defined by biological determination.
– He asserts that spirit belongs to an altogether different reality.
– So Marx and Engels, taking up the ideas of H. Morgan, and explicitly defending the possibility of divorce without divorce proceedings, were concerned radically to change the status of women as were as men instruments of production.

Assignment for the session after the next session:
– Hearing the noise, I ran out holding the keys in one hand and the book in the other.
– I stood still holding breath with my hand deep in my pocket.
– Hearing the explosion, they ran out pale and frightened.
– Father left for the north and returned after ten days, his spirit obviously improved.

Grammar:
1. Infinitive types
2. Infinitive uses
3. Infinitive phrases: Introductory of final

– (in order to) To switch on, press the red button
– (if) To hear her talk, you would think she was made of money.
– (if) To see them together, you would think they were on old married couple.
– (let’s, now we…) To return to the table. It is evident from what we’ve said, that…
– (in brief, briefly) To cut a long story short, we said ‘no’.
– (in fact, the truth is that) I’ve never met him, to tell you the truth.

4. Infinitive in verb patterns

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